In 1940, a small Jewish boy fleeing the Nazis put in to a remote Japanese
port, saved by a Japanese consul who issued exit visas from Lithuania
against his government's orders, rescuing thousands of desperate
European Jews from certain death.
Leo Melamed arrived in Japan with little more than the clothes on his back but went on to the United States, becoming a lawyer and head of the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME), where he introduced the idea of financial futures trading.